Wine is a drink with a long tradition in Europe, especially in countries like France, Spain, Italy, Germany and Great Britain. But it was not until the 19th century that we can begin really to talk about the golden age of wine in many regions. This era begins with one of the greatest tragedies that the world of wine has lived to this day, phylloxera. Indeed, around 1863, many vines had a disease caused by phylloxera, an insect that extracted the juice to the roots, drying the plant. When it was found that American vines to be resistant to phylloxera, it was decided to plant American vines in the affected French regions. This gave rise to a hybrid grape that produced a greater variety of wines. At that very moment, it is when we can say that the art of the wine begins in Spain, when the producers of wine moved to the Rioja region of northern Spain and taught the Spaniards to make wine with their local grape varieties .
The cellars used to be built in the lower part of each house, although the families that worked the wine in a massive way, used to have cellars that ran under several houses, even under the streets of the town joining different buildings through galleries. The depth of the excavation and the stone that covered them allowed the maintenance of products in an era where the absence of refrigerators made it difficult to keep the food in good condition. In the same way, it contributed to the preservation and aging of wines, which require technical conditions, basically temperature and humidity, determined and known. The temperature must be kept constant between 12 ° C and 15 ° C throughout the year and the relative humidity between 75% and 85%.
Capilla (Foto principal) y Calado (arriba) de Bodegas Valdelana del s.XV y XVI. Rioja Alavesa
The winery was also a place of leisure and recreation where, around a boot or barrel, the men spent their time drinking wine and telling the truths and lies of each day.
There are many examples of underground cellars that we can see throughout the Spanish geography and we recommend you to visit these wonders of our heritage. Today we can still see some of them working although, due to the growth of the industry, many have become tourist places or museums.
Thanks to the advances in materials and sculptural capacities of companies such as BULCAN ARTE, today it is very easy to convert a basement or garage in a space with rustic or historical touches to gather with family, friends or where you can develop a hobby such as art as the winemaking. The designs and possibilities are so many that we assure you the customization.
If you have a space like this and you want to evaluate such possibility contact us. We will make a visit and analyse it without any obligation from your side.