Tag: fuentes

TYPES OF GARDENS AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS

The word “jardin” (garden) comes to Spain in the fifteenth century but its origins come from the term “jardin”, known since the twelfth century, seems to come from the Latin-Germanic compound hortus gardinus which literally means “garden surrounded by a fence”, Hortus from Latin, fructi garden, or gart or gardo “closed”, as if the garden had to defend against the animals and even the thieves. The garden can be defined as the land where plants and flowers are grown with decorative and ornamental motifs.

The construction of the first known gardens dates back to the time of the Egyptians, who built authentic gardens along the banks of the Nile River. The need to create spaces for leisure and meeting, the human need to live with nature and Capacity (sometimes with negative connotations) to modify our environment to adapt to our needs has generated around the world different styles of gardens and landscapes related to cultures and adaptations to different climates and species of the planet.

We can define landscaping as the study or design of the natural environment, especially parks and gardens. The landscaper plans and designs urban and rural landscapes in time and space, based on the natural characteristics and historical and cultural values of the place. To achieve this, appropriate techniques and natural and / or artificial materials are used, guided by aesthetic, functional, scientific and planning principles. In Spain, we can find the Spanish Association of Landscapists founded in 1952 as an Institute of Studies of Gardening and Landscape Art

The styles of gardens are as many as cultures and places are in the world, but in a very general way we can talk about:

MEDITERRANEAN GARDEN

It is a style marked by the dry climate that generates environments of great beauty based on materials of the region such as stones and drought-resistant vegetation. Light coloured stone walls, water in movement and brightly coloured flowers. All this with a minimalist touch that represents the most typical of the Spanish, French and the Italian gardens of the region of Tuscany.

Caracteríticas del jardín mediterráneo

CLASSIC OR CONTINENTAL ROMANTIC GARDEN

This type of gardens has great extensions where the control of the handwork of the man is tangible in the linear of hedges trimmed and the grass perfectly mowed. They are geometric gardens with straight lines, with pastel colours and a multitude of shades of green. The paths are of sand or gravel and in them are placed classic sculptures or pots of clay. They are gardens with special splendour in the Fall season. Good example of them are the typical French or English gardens.

Jardín frances e inglés

TROPICAL GARDEN

They are gardens of the most exotic areas of the planet where the climatic conditions of constant temperature and humidity allow their development. The protagonists are tropical and exotic species as well as abundant vegetation. The type of characteristic plants has particularly large leaves and only few flowers that require low attentions.

These gardens do not require excessive care since they pretend to simulate the frondiness and disorder as the jungle. Only the species should be pruned when they disturb, if it is not the case, they should be allowed to grow naturally. Outside of its environment is recommended the construction of ponds or waterfalls with typical rocks of the area, taking advantage of or creating unevenness that contribute the level of environmental humidity needed for this type of plant diversity.

Jardín tropical

FENG SHUI GARDEN

Of Chinese origin, it is meant to be a study of the energies transmitted between nature and man. These are small spaces, relaxing, balanced and with circular or wave forms. Feng Shui art, whose meaning is “wind and water,” runs away from over-detail and ostentation, using elements of composition such as rocks, plants, sculptures, walls, pots, elements with water and ornaments.

JAPANESES GARDENS

They are one of the most famous architectural elements of mankind. The design and the elements that compose it can be analysed from a geographical or topographical point of view. Thus, the landscape of the garden represents an archipelago of islands located mostly around the Seto Inland Sea. The Japanese garden also represents the cosmos, place of central importance in the Shinto religion. A large void (equivalent to the sea) full of celestial bodies (islands).

The Rocks are the stars of these gardens. They represent mountains or islands, scattered in a vacuum that mimics the sea. The most used are those of volcanic origin, mainly those of basalt.

Jardín Japonés

ARABIC GARDEN

It is a garden to walk, see and hear, and express the longing for paradise. It is a garden that fascinates due to its sensitivity, its intimate character and the harmony of its parts. The main characteristic elements are:

  • Divisions of private spaces: when the dimensions of space allows it, the space should be divided into rooms communicated through narrow passages with arches, bars, lattices or other elements that allow us to glimpse the next room providing mystery and sensation of discovery.
  • Water is always present: the water goes through the different places in the garden, even entering the rooms and bringing freshness, sound and movement.
  • o   Structural elements: paved walks, walls, piles, arches, fountains …, generally of stone or covered with tiles of varied designs and marked Arab character.
  • Mediterranean plants arranged in the paths and pots and that withstand well the drought. The cypress and orange trees are the most characteristic trees.

Now that you know the most important types of gardens you just must decide which one you like best and which one suits better to your space needs ;). If you need advice, you already know how to contact us.

Tematización Cascadas
Cascadas, Tematización, Thematization, Waterfalls

Cascades of fountains for your health

One of the thematization works most demanded by our clients are the cascades or fountains as a decorative element as well as a relaxing issue for gardens, swimming pools, terraces and leisure spaces. As it is well known, the water is normally associated to the concept of life, and is an element that many thinking trends and lifestyles use the water as a positive energy attractor, such as the Feng Shui, that it means literally wind and water.

From a scientific and medical point of view,the sound of the water brings several benefits for our health. There are many reports evidencing that the water in cascades or fountains increase the level of humidity and reduce the level of dust, contaminants and static electricity that is produced naturally in the nature.

Also, the hydrotherapy that before was only available at the SPA’s and in some swimming pools placed in hotels but nowadays we can see them in many houses, is one of the therapies most used at a medical level to treat several pathologies. The use of different levels of pressure of the water in the body brings benefits as:

  • Capacity to equilibrate the blood pressure.
  • Control and equilibrate the corporal temperature.
  • Pain relief
  • Tone organs
  • Stimulates o calm down the nerve system

All those benefits are increased if the place makes us feel and transport us to places that imitate the nature increasing the capacity of relaxation and combining it with other techniques such as the music-therapy (the use of music for psychotherapeutic purposes) or the aromatherapy (therapeutic treatment focused in the inhalation, ingest or added to water of natural or essential oils that are extracted from the plants, flowers, herbs or trees) among others.

Aristotle used to say that “art partly completes what nature cannot bring to a finish, and partly imitates her” Since many years and after completing several projects of different focus, at Bulcan Arte we have aimed to dome the nature to take it and adapt it to different corners for the benefit to people and the surroundings. Our construction techniques and artistical work of our sculptors have reached to a level of imitation of the nature that you will not know if you are watching something is fabricated or was the Creator who placed it there.

If you have a house or any other location suitable for this kind of works, we invite you to visit the thematization works that we have developed and we are sure that you will find inspiration and ideas to build a place where you will don’t want to leave from.