Tematización

Sanmao
Tematización

Trabajando en el homenaje a la escritora china Sanmao

Nuestra empresa anda inmersa en el desarrollo de diferentes elementos (piedras artificiales) para decorar el que se llamará Jardín Sanmao. Un espacio situado dentro del Parque Urbano de San Juan, en Telde, y que servirá de homenaje de esta ciudad y de toda la isla de Gran Canaria a la escritora china Sanmao.

Sanmao fue el seudónimo, tomado del personaje de cómic homónimo, utilizado por la escritora taiwanesa Chen Ping, conocida fuera de China como Echo Chen, una de las escritoras chinas más célebres del siglo XX. 

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Plantas acuaticas
Cascadas, Paisajismo, Tematización

Plantas acuáticas para decorar estanques y cascadas

Los estanques y cascadas ornamentales realizadas con piedra artificial requieren en muchas ocasiones la incorporación de plantas acuáticas que aporten mayor belleza y tranquilidad, además de iluminar el paisaje mediante la adición de color al conjunto.

Además de esto, la plantas desempeñan un papel importante en el mantenimiento del equilibrio de la laguna o estanque y de todo su alrededor. Absorben nutrientes y reducen los niveles de luz en el agua, lo que reduce el crecimiento de algas y evita que el agua se vuelva verde. También evitan que la temperatura del agua aumente demasiado. Las plantas también proporcionan un refugio para los peces/tortugas que puedas tener en tu estanque y el material natural para que ellos puedan desovar.

Jacinto de Agua

Jacinto de Agua

Flotantes

Este tipo de plantas flotan en la superficie y sus raíces están sueltas dentro del agua en lugar de arraigadas en macetas o en el fondo. Se “plantan” simplemente echándolas en el agua. Se adaptan fácilmente a las condiciones del estanque y crecen y se multiplican rápidamente. Por su forma o morfología, juegan un papel importante en la reproducción, cría y desarrollo de algunas especies, lo que ayudará a que su jardín se encuentre no sólo hermoso y adornado sino también con animales silvestres.

Algunas especies de este tipo de plantas son:

  • Eichhornia crassipes (Jacinto de agua)
  • Pistia stratiotes (Lechuga de agua)
  • Salvinia auriculata (Oreja de elefante)
  • Hydrocharis morsus-ranae (Mordisco de rana) 
  • Stratiotes aloides (Pita de agua)
  • Lemna minor (Lenteja de agua)
Nenúfar

Nenúfar

De aguas profundas

También se las conoce como plantas sumergidas y son las situadas en la zona profunda del estanque arraigadas desde el fondo con sus hojas completamente dentro del agua o en la superficie de ésta, como los nenúfares. Se trata de las plantas de estanque que menos mantenimiento requiere. Sus hojas dan sombra e impiden el desarrollo de algas que precisan el sol para proliferar, ayudando así a mantener el agua clara. Ofrecen una excelente protección para los peces que habitan aguas medias y profundas. Son capaces de absorber nitrógeno amoniacal a través de sus hojas, de esta manera reducen el nivel de amoníaco que puede ser perjudicial para peces y anfibios en altas concentraciones.

Algunas especies son:

  • Nymphaea alba (Nenúfar)
  • Nymphoides peltata (Ninfoides) 
  • Nymphaea hortorum (Nenúfar) 
  • Nelumbo nucifera (Loto, Nelumbo) 
  • Nymphoides indica (Ninfoides) 
  • Nuphar lutea (Nenúfar amarillo) 

Callitriche_stagnalis

Oxigenadoras

Este tipo de plantas está considerado como uno de los grupos más importantes de plantas en el estanque. Permanecen sumergidas y sirven para mantener el agua clara y sin algas. Sus hojas absorben los minerales y el dióxido de carbono y esto dificulta el desarrollo de las algas. Permanecen completamente sumergidas excepto las flores, que pueden salir a la superficie.

Algunas especies son:

  • Callitriche (Bricio)
  • Myriophyllum verticillatum 
  • Ceratophyllum demersum
  • Vallisneria spp.
  • Elodea canadensis
  • Ranunculus aquatilis (Ranúnculo acuático)
Lirio Amarillo

Lirio Amarillo

De margen o ribera

Denominadas también marginales son las que se ubican hacia los bordes del estanque, donde el agua es menos profunda en general, y la especie puede mantener una porción de su cuerpo sumergida y la otra fuera del nivel del agua. Las raíces, por tanto, están dentro del agua. La mayoría de estas especies pueden vivir sin agua permanente en sus raíces, pero necesitan bastante riego. Aportan naturalidad al conjunto al hacer de transición entre el estanque y el jardín. Sirven de refugio a mariposas, libélulas, aves y ranas.

  • Acorus calamus ‘Variegata’ (Acoro, Cálamo acuático)
  • Iris pseudacorus (Lirio amarillo) 
  • Arum italicum (Aro)
  • Iris sibirica (Lirio)
  • Caltha palustris (Calta)
  • Lysichiton americanus (Aro de agua)
  • Cyperus alternifolius (Paragüitas)
  • Zantedeschia aethiopica (Cala)
  • Iris laevigata (Lirio japonés) 

 

En BULCAN ARTE trabajamos conjuntamente con nuestros compañeros de VIVEROS MOGÁN por lo que te ofrecemos asesoramiento si quieres aportar a tu estanque y/cascada un toque algo más. Al igual que nosotros, VIVEROS MOGÁN forma parte del CLUSTER DE CONSTRUCCiÓN, EQUIPAMIENTO Y SERVICIOS de CANARIAS (CONESCAN) por lo que la profesionalidad y la calidad de sus productos y servicios la tienes garantizada.

Roca Artificial, Tematización, Wellness & Spa

La importancia de la psicología ambiental

En muchas ocasiones, cuando hablamos de la tematización, tanto en este blog como en nuestros canales de las redes sociales (Facebook, Instagram y Linkedin), hemos hecho referencia a cómo el entorno condiciona nuestro comportamiento. Esta relación, es decir, el comportamiento humano en relación con el medio ambiente ordenado y definido por el hombre tiene un nombre: psicología ambiental.

Se trata de un campo de la psicología relativamente nuevo. Es en 1960 cuando, reconociendo los problemas ambientales como la contaminación, comienzan a verse los primeros estudios y trabajos sobre el tema.  Para los psicólogos ambientales existe un axioma indiscutible, y es el hecho de que toda conducta tiene lugar siempre y necesariamente en un contexto ambiental. 

Dado que el ser humano cada vez es más consciente de la importancia del entorno, la implantación de esta disciplina es cada vez mayor. No sólo desde un punto de vista ecologista sino también en busca de entornos arquitectónicos que promuevan ciertas conductas, como una elevada productividad, un aumento del rendimiento o, como en el caso de la implementaciones que Bulcan Arte realiza en hoteles y wellness, un estado de ánimo más relajado. En este sentido, son muchos los hoteles que alinean sus servicios con la psicología ambiental como puede ser: disfrutar de un masaje al aire libre que haga aflorar sensaciones positivas mientras se está rodeado de vegetación tropical y de fondo suene el sonido relajante del agua de una cascada; o vivir una sesión de aquaterapia inmerso en en el ambiente de una cueva.

 

Tematización Wellness

Tematización llevada a cabo por Bulcan Arte en el Hotel Eugenia Victoria (Bull Hotels) en el sur de Gran Canaria

 

Aparte de estas dos perspectivas esta disciplina es también implementada en aspectos públicos, como la planificación urbanística. Se busca un mayor bienestar del individuo en un ambiente más sociable y cómodo. En cuanto al ámbito empresarial, como bien hemos citado anteriormente, la búsqueda de un mayor bienestar del empleado suele redundar en una elevada productividad.

En resumen, podemos decir que el ser humano no sólo es un un ser social por naturaleza sino también ambiental.

 

TYPES OF GARDENS AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS

The word “jardin” (garden) comes to Spain in the fifteenth century but its origins come from the term “jardin”, known since the twelfth century, seems to come from the Latin-Germanic compound hortus gardinus which literally means “garden surrounded by a fence”, Hortus from Latin, fructi garden, or gart or gardo “closed”, as if the garden had to defend against the animals and even the thieves. The garden can be defined as the land where plants and flowers are grown with decorative and ornamental motifs.

The construction of the first known gardens dates back to the time of the Egyptians, who built authentic gardens along the banks of the Nile River. The need to create spaces for leisure and meeting, the human need to live with nature and Capacity (sometimes with negative connotations) to modify our environment to adapt to our needs has generated around the world different styles of gardens and landscapes related to cultures and adaptations to different climates and species of the planet.

We can define landscaping as the study or design of the natural environment, especially parks and gardens. The landscaper plans and designs urban and rural landscapes in time and space, based on the natural characteristics and historical and cultural values of the place. To achieve this, appropriate techniques and natural and / or artificial materials are used, guided by aesthetic, functional, scientific and planning principles. In Spain, we can find the Spanish Association of Landscapists founded in 1952 as an Institute of Studies of Gardening and Landscape Art

The styles of gardens are as many as cultures and places are in the world, but in a very general way we can talk about:

MEDITERRANEAN GARDEN

It is a style marked by the dry climate that generates environments of great beauty based on materials of the region such as stones and drought-resistant vegetation. Light coloured stone walls, water in movement and brightly coloured flowers. All this with a minimalist touch that represents the most typical of the Spanish, French and the Italian gardens of the region of Tuscany.

Caracteríticas del jardín mediterráneo

CLASSIC OR CONTINENTAL ROMANTIC GARDEN

This type of gardens has great extensions where the control of the handwork of the man is tangible in the linear of hedges trimmed and the grass perfectly mowed. They are geometric gardens with straight lines, with pastel colours and a multitude of shades of green. The paths are of sand or gravel and in them are placed classic sculptures or pots of clay. They are gardens with special splendour in the Fall season. Good example of them are the typical French or English gardens.

Jardín frances e inglés

TROPICAL GARDEN

They are gardens of the most exotic areas of the planet where the climatic conditions of constant temperature and humidity allow their development. The protagonists are tropical and exotic species as well as abundant vegetation. The type of characteristic plants has particularly large leaves and only few flowers that require low attentions.

These gardens do not require excessive care since they pretend to simulate the frondiness and disorder as the jungle. Only the species should be pruned when they disturb, if it is not the case, they should be allowed to grow naturally. Outside of its environment is recommended the construction of ponds or waterfalls with typical rocks of the area, taking advantage of or creating unevenness that contribute the level of environmental humidity needed for this type of plant diversity.

Jardín tropical

FENG SHUI GARDEN

Of Chinese origin, it is meant to be a study of the energies transmitted between nature and man. These are small spaces, relaxing, balanced and with circular or wave forms. Feng Shui art, whose meaning is “wind and water,” runs away from over-detail and ostentation, using elements of composition such as rocks, plants, sculptures, walls, pots, elements with water and ornaments.

JAPANESES GARDENS

They are one of the most famous architectural elements of mankind. The design and the elements that compose it can be analysed from a geographical or topographical point of view. Thus, the landscape of the garden represents an archipelago of islands located mostly around the Seto Inland Sea. The Japanese garden also represents the cosmos, place of central importance in the Shinto religion. A large void (equivalent to the sea) full of celestial bodies (islands).

The Rocks are the stars of these gardens. They represent mountains or islands, scattered in a vacuum that mimics the sea. The most used are those of volcanic origin, mainly those of basalt.

Jardín Japonés

ARABIC GARDEN

It is a garden to walk, see and hear, and express the longing for paradise. It is a garden that fascinates due to its sensitivity, its intimate character and the harmony of its parts. The main characteristic elements are:

  • Divisions of private spaces: when the dimensions of space allows it, the space should be divided into rooms communicated through narrow passages with arches, bars, lattices or other elements that allow us to glimpse the next room providing mystery and sensation of discovery.
  • Water is always present: the water goes through the different places in the garden, even entering the rooms and bringing freshness, sound and movement.
  • o   Structural elements: paved walks, walls, piles, arches, fountains …, generally of stone or covered with tiles of varied designs and marked Arab character.
  • Mediterranean plants arranged in the paths and pots and that withstand well the drought. The cypress and orange trees are the most characteristic trees.

Now that you know the most important types of gardens you just must decide which one you like best and which one suits better to your space needs ;). If you need advice, you already know how to contact us.

WINE CELLARS WITH ARTIFICIAL STONE

Wine is a drink with a long tradition in Europe, especially in countries like France, Spain, Italy, Germany and Great Britain. But it was not until the 19th century that we can begin really to talk about the golden age of wine in many regions. This era begins with one of the greatest tragedies that the world of wine has lived to this day, phylloxera. Indeed, around 1863, many vines had a disease caused by phylloxera, an insect that extracted the juice to the roots, drying the plant. When it was found  that American vines to be resistant to phylloxera, it was decided to plant American vines in the affected French regions. This gave rise to a hybrid grape that produced a greater variety of wines. At that very moment, it is when we can say that the art of the wine begins in Spain, when the producers of wine moved to the Rioja region of northern Spain and taught the Spaniards to make wine with their local grape varieties .

The cellars used to be built in the lower part of each house, although the families that worked the wine in a massive way, used to have cellars that ran under several houses, even under the streets of the town joining different buildings through galleries. The depth of the excavation and the stone that covered them allowed the maintenance of products in an era where the absence of refrigerators made it difficult to keep the food in good condition. In the same way, it contributed to the preservation and aging of wines, which require technical conditions, basically temperature and humidity, determined and known. The temperature must be kept constant between 12 ° C and 15 ° C throughout the year and the relative humidity between 75% and 85%.

Calado Bodegas Valdelana

Capilla (Foto principal) y Calado (arriba) de Bodegas Valdelana del s.XV y XVI. Rioja Alavesa

The winery was also a place of leisure and recreation where, around a boot or barrel, the men spent their time drinking wine and telling the truths and lies of each day.

There are many examples of underground cellars that we can see throughout the Spanish geography and we recommend you to visit these wonders of our heritage. Today we can still see some of them working although, due to the growth of the industry, many have become tourist places or museums.

Bodega Tunte con piedra artificial

Thanks to the advances in materials and sculptural capacities of companies such as BULCAN ARTE, today it is very easy to convert a basement or garage in a space with rustic or historical touches to gather with family, friends or where you can develop a hobby such as art as the winemaking. The designs and possibilities are so many that we assure you the customization.

Tematización de bodegas botelleroIf you have a space like this and you want to evaluate such possibility contact us. We will make a visit and analyse it without any obligation from your side.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tematización Cascadas
Cascadas, Tematización, Thematization, Waterfalls

Cascades of fountains for your health

One of the thematization works most demanded by our clients are the cascades or fountains as a decorative element as well as a relaxing issue for gardens, swimming pools, terraces and leisure spaces. As it is well known, the water is normally associated to the concept of life, and is an element that many thinking trends and lifestyles use the water as a positive energy attractor, such as the Feng Shui, that it means literally wind and water.

From a scientific and medical point of view,the sound of the water brings several benefits for our health. There are many reports evidencing that the water in cascades or fountains increase the level of humidity and reduce the level of dust, contaminants and static electricity that is produced naturally in the nature.

Also, the hydrotherapy that before was only available at the SPA’s and in some swimming pools placed in hotels but nowadays we can see them in many houses, is one of the therapies most used at a medical level to treat several pathologies. The use of different levels of pressure of the water in the body brings benefits as:

  • Capacity to equilibrate the blood pressure.
  • Control and equilibrate the corporal temperature.
  • Pain relief
  • Tone organs
  • Stimulates o calm down the nerve system

All those benefits are increased if the place makes us feel and transport us to places that imitate the nature increasing the capacity of relaxation and combining it with other techniques such as the music-therapy (the use of music for psychotherapeutic purposes) or the aromatherapy (therapeutic treatment focused in the inhalation, ingest or added to water of natural or essential oils that are extracted from the plants, flowers, herbs or trees) among others.

Aristotle used to say that “art partly completes what nature cannot bring to a finish, and partly imitates her” Since many years and after completing several projects of different focus, at Bulcan Arte we have aimed to dome the nature to take it and adapt it to different corners for the benefit to people and the surroundings. Our construction techniques and artistical work of our sculptors have reached to a level of imitation of the nature that you will not know if you are watching something is fabricated or was the Creator who placed it there.

If you have a house or any other location suitable for this kind of works, we invite you to visit the thematization works that we have developed and we are sure that you will find inspiration and ideas to build a place where you will don’t want to leave from.